Dear Doctor, your computer can help you with time management

Author – Dr. John Wyatt Crosby, OntarioMD Physician Peer Leader

John Crosby

As an OntarioMD Peer Leader, I act as an efficiency expert for family doctors. OntarioMD Peer Leaders are a network of over 60 physicians, nurses and clinic managers across the province who are expert users of OntarioMD-certified EMRs and are available to help physician practices realize more clinical value from their EMRs. Peer Leaders usually get a referral by word of mouth from other doctors or OntarioMD practice advisors talk to the doctor’s staff and tell them an OntarioMD Peer Leader can help for free. The Peer Leader will help the doctor to become more comfortable with the computer and EMR software.

I help prepare for my visit to the doctor by sending the doctor my free eBook on time management (email me for your free copy at I ask them and their staff to read it. They can also hear it on audio book hands free while driving. It is on YouTube and you can listen to it using Bluetooth. I then book a two hour meeting with the doctor in his/her office without interruptions. No phones or patients.

I ask the doctor what his/her goals are. Some want to improve patient care, cut paperwork and learn how to utilize their computers better.

Some want to work less and earn more.
Some want to cut stress and avoid burnout.
Some want to avoid malpractice and college complaints.
Some want to improve billing.
Most want all of the above.

I get them to describe a typical week. When do they get up? When do they go to work? I look at their patient appointments in the computer. How many per hour? How many coffee breaks? How much time off for lunch? When do they get home? What do they do at night, on weekends and holidays? Do they take work home? Do they do office work on their laptops in the off hours?

I then walk them through their computer. Many doctors don’t realize how much time the computer can save them and how it can improve patient care. I click on everything to show all the tools. For example, with capitated practices paid a set amount every month like Family Health Organizations (FHOs) and Family Health Teams (FHTs), I find almost all have not rostered all their patients leaving tens of thousands of dollars unclaimed yearly. They usually tell me their staff is too busy, and being doctors (like me), they are too cheap to pay a high school student $14 per hour to do this on a weekend. They often work through breaks and lunch and get home exhausted at 7:00 pm risking their marriages and relationships with their kids and friends.

I show them how to use the computer to write consult letters, graph weights and heights and use stamps or templates to type faster and more thoroughly. I often get push back on this as ‘cookbook medicine’. I tell them that the best chefs use a cookbook. Also, the Rourke Baby scale is a stamp as are the Ontario Prenatal Forms.

I show them how to use ‘Find notes containing only’ to find MRIs and CT scans.
I show them the absentee note feature.
I show them how to click on the left side of the chart to have a green bar come up that they can attach to consult letters.
I show them how to double click on an existing medication to reorder it.
I show them how to double click on a lab value to get a trend which can be printed off and given to the patient or specialist.
I show them how to cut and paste for repeat visits for the same problem.
I show them how to load and use the handout function.

After 2 hours, their heads are exploding so I send them a brief email a week later with a summary of my recommendations. I then set up a phone chat weekly for 1/2 hour at 8:00 am or noon to go over each recommendation.

I find that the use of stamps is the biggest time saver for doctors. It also improves quality because it encourages the doctor to be more thorough and not forget anything.

Here is a recent example (some items changed to ensure privacy):

The OntarioMD Practice Advisor for Waterloo Region, Sunny Hayer, emailed me with a request from a doctor with 10 years of practice who was buried in paper. Sunny and I set up a 2 hour meeting on a Wednesday morning at 9:30 am. Sunny met with the clinic staff and I met with the doctor. I asked her what her problems were, and she pointed at her desk which was buried in paper. Also, her computer was chock full of lab results and imaging.

I got her to describe a typical week in her life. She got up weekdays at 6 am and took her two young kids to school at nine and she started at 9:30 am in her office. She took no breaks and at 1:00 pm she grabbed a sandwich and ate it in 10 minutes, then went back to seeing patients. She worked until 7:00 pm then had a reheated supper alone (the kids were fed by the nanny at 5:00 pm). Her husband got home at 6:00 pm. She then did computer work from 8:30 to 10:30 pm, collapsed into bed and got back up again the next day at 6:00 am like in the movie Groundhog Day. She did this 5 days a week. The weekends were all about getting caught up on cleaning and laundry. She was exhausted and rarely had time to enjoy herself, her husband or kids. She was using her office computer like an expensive typewriter.

My solution:

I told her to read my eBook (reminder to email me for a free copy) on time management. She didn’t have time, so she listened to it in her car while driving to work. It comes in eight 10 minute chunks.

When she got to her office, she loaded in stamps for the top 10 most common problems seen in her general practice. This helped her stay on time with her patients. She had a 10 minute break at 11:00 am to go for a walk around the block. Lunch was blocked out in her computer appointment screen at 12:30 pm for one hour with the phones on answering service to give her staff a break too. The last appointment in the morning was booked at 12:00 noon.

The last patient was booked for 4:30 pm and she was home at 5:00 pm to have dinner with the kids. Her husband arranged to be home by 5:00 pm too. Computer and paperwork were done from 12:30 to 1:30 pm daily in her office. She got caught up on her backlog of paper and computer work by coming into the office one time at noon on a Sunday and working with no distractions until 6:00 pm. Her smart phone calendar and office patient appointment list has an appointment booked with herself from 12:30 to 1:30 pm weekdays for paper and computer work. Her off hours are free. No work texts, calls or emails. She hired a home cleaning service and now she has time for her husband, their kids and herself. She has a night out alone with her friends every Thursday night. She hired a high school student to roster 500 patients which earned her $50,000 more per year by paying out $14 per hour x 40 hours or $560 – not a bad return on investment.

Computers can help doctors improve patient care and office efficiency. You don’t have to do it alone. Contact OntarioMD ( and ask for help from a Peer Leader.

Integration and Enterprise Primary Care: A Point of View



Author – Paul Sulkers, Healthcare Consultant

The COVID crisis is placing huge demands on the Ontario health system, with a heavy reliance on acute care, perhaps our last line of defense. COVID has also brought in to focus the need for strong primary care and population health management, as we seek better ways to assess and manage COVID patients, many with other health or social challenges. To achieve population health, we need a health system that is integrated from a consumer perspective, understanding their needs and tailoring strategies to improve the health status of the entire population.

We understand that population health management must be enabled by primary care and consumer engagement, and we understand the policies needed for integration[↓1][↓3]. However, we have launched an OHT strategy that integrates around hospitals, fragmenting primary care into regions, and challenging consumers affiliated with multiple OHTs [↓4]. Our OHT approach also lacks the ability to scale investments, such as Toronto’s SCOPE, [↓5] or Sunnybrook’s “One-Team” [↓6] which could be classified as the ‘right idea’ in the ‘wrong place’, trapped within OHTs. Under the pressures of COVID, there is a natural tendency to fall back on OHTs as the ‘right path’, reinforcing acute-centric culture [↓18] rather than building capacity with primary care and consumer engagement to manage population at the front lines.

We can learn from others. Leading jurisdictions have invested in primary capacity, scaled across entire populations, and are now reaping the benefits of a seismic shift in the way that health is managed, funded and measured [↓7][↓13]. Spain established a population health strategy for Catalonia, segmenting their population into 320 risk categories [↓10]. Denmark reduced the number of acute hospitals from 98 to 36, shifting funds from acute to primary care [↓11]. The NHS uses community outreach and partnerships with the post office, re-defining health as a “team sport” to better manage the elderly closer to home [↓13]. In the US, Kaiser Permanente has created an integrated care delivery model that emphasizes preventive care and management of chronic disease [↓12]. Geisinger utilized centralized clinical leadership across enterprise-scale primary care, reducing costs per patient by 11% over five years, and reducing avoidable readmission rates by over 35% [↓8][↓9].

In all cases, enterprise-scale primary care was key, recognizing primary care’s critical role to be consumer-facing and leader of population health management. Enterprise-scale means moving from individual practices to integrated primary care governance, including standard care models, shared resources including virus surveillance capacity, paediatrics and palliative care, and partnerships with home care to manage care closer to home. Enterprise data enables central physician leadership to develop new funding models, addressing cohorts with similar risks, co- morbidities, and social determinants. Consumers view an enterprise or integrated system, including their care plan, educational content, health reminders, appointments and referrals.

A critical enabler of their enterprise primary care was a shared EMR, with the ability to scale care models and process, enable jurisdiction-wide view of population data, and a single digital view for consumers regardless of their residence [↓14]. Clearly, Ontario is not going to move to a single EMR any time soon! However, we can learn from other industries who have used digital process automation to integrate the ‘front’ end of the enterprise across a variety of disparate IT systems. Digital process automation will allow the fragmented Ontario health IT landscape to ‘appear’ integrated, shifting from variable and open loop process (using fax, phone and pagers) to digital processes that are patient-centred, closed loop, and measured, evidenced by Toronto’s ConsultLoop [↓14] [↓15].

Digital process automation across our primary care practices will enable enterprise status, including the ability to scale innovation across the entire population. Supported by outcome measures and innovative funding models, primary care will leverage shared resources and partnerships with home care and community services to better manage complex patients closer to home. Enterprise primary care will engage consumers via ‘extended reach’, moving knowledge to the patient, and reducing patient administration costs via the ‘healthcare manager’ in each household [↓14]. Social distancing has exacerbated the importance of communication and extended reach, not only with providers, but also among families, split apart by COVID.

Enterprise primary care will also achieve increased productivity by leveraging healthcare AI, including virtual care, predictive early warning, digital assistants, as well as digitally supported case managers [↓16] [↓17]. Increased productivity will free-up clinical resources to focus on in-person care, critical to manage patients drifting towards high cost cohorts.

However, digital is not the core competency of our health system. We must leverage the Canadian private sector to invest in enterprise primary care, pulling Ontario in to the 21st century. Private sector has the know-how gained from other industries successfully addressing similar integration challenges. Importantly, Ontario’s health digital expenditures must become an investment to build a new digital health & health AI economy in Ontario [↓14].

Together with private sector, we must start with enterprise primary care to integrate the ‘front-end’, ensuring consumers see a seamless view of Ontario healthcare, regardless of any OHT-defined relationship. COVID-19 presents a watershed moment to either continue acute-centric models or invest in enterprise primary care, at scale – rapidly!


1. World Economic Forum; Value in Healthcare Project

2. Peggy Leatt, George H Pink, Michael Guierre, Towards a Canadian Model of Integrated Healthcare, March 2000

3. Dr Robert Bell, August 2019

4. A Healthy Ontario


6. Sunnybrook Case Study

7. Primary Care Patient Centred Collaborative

8. D Maeng et al. “Can Telemonitoring Reduce Hospitalization and Cost of Care? Geisinger’s Experience in Managing Patients with Heart Failure”. Journal of Population Health May 2014

9. Geisinger Case Study

10. Catalonia Spain

11. Denmark: Australian Financial Review

12. Kaiser Permanente Integrated Care Models

13. Jersey Post – Call and Check Program

14. Sulkers, P. “Integrating Ontario Healthcare: A POV”

15. ConsultLoop Case Study

16. Case Management: Mobiheatlh News, David Muoio, January 4, 2018

17. Productivity of Case Management: AHIP blog, Darcy Lewis, January 25, 2018

18. COVID-19 Assessment Centre





Virtual care tools for physician practices to help practices contain the spread of COVID-19


OntarioMD recognizes the pressures that a public health outbreak puts on physician practices and the health care system and is working with the Ontario Medical Association (OMA), the Ministry of Health, Ontario Telemedicine Network (OTN) and EMR vendors to inform physicians about the value of virtual care to help practices contain the spread of COVID-19 and manage the additional demand for patient care.   

In addition to Ontario Telemedicine Network (OTN) Direct-to-Patient Video Visits (through OTNinvite) and Hosted Video Visits (in a health care setting),  your OntarioMD-certified electronic medical record (EMR) may also have virtual care capabilities you can leverage during COVID-19 outbreak. OntarioMD is working with vendors of certified EMRs to identify these services and facilitate your access to them and will update the following resources list as more information becomes available:

For more information on other virtual care tools available to assist physicians, please visit:

OntarioMD-Certified EMR
EMR Vendor
Virtual Care Capability

EMR Advantage®

Canadian Health Systems Inc. (CHS)
Insig – A virtual care solution that directly integrates with EMR Advantage and allows a medical practice to offer phone, video and messaging appointment to patients.

Accuro® EMR
QHR Technologies Inc.
Medeo – An integrated digital health patient engagement tool available as a mobile app or web-based tool. Medeo enables patients to use their mobile devices to securely message their provider, attend virtual calls, and book appointments with their providers using Accuro. 
Online Booking – Gives your patients power over their own time while securely managing yours. Spend less time on the phone and more time running your practice.
Secure Patient Messaging – Message your patients from Accuro EMR. Share comments, results, and documents. Messaging is ideal for follow-ups, lab result reviews, and post-op consultations that don’t require an in-person visit. Only providers can initiate and close a message thread.
Secure Video Visits – Provide video appointments for chronic care, injury and pain management follow-ups, include other providers, and securelyreduce barriers due to distance or patient mobility issues.
OSCAR McMaster – Professional Edition
WELL EMR Group Inc.
VirtualClinic+ – Can be used by physicians operating on any EMR platform. If you are a physician or clinic operating on an OSCAR EMR, VirtualClinic+ provides additional capabilities that allow you to operate your telehealth practice in a manner that is fully integrated with your EMR.

A Decade at OntarioMD: Progress from Paper to EMRs

OntarioMD Practice Advisors

Contributed by Mary Lou Fleming and Diane Ricordi, OntarioMD Practice Advisors

In early 2020, two of OntarioMD’s longest-serving Practice Advisors shifted into retirement. As key members of OntarioMD’s hands-on practice support team since 2009, Mary Lou Fleming and Diane Ricordi have had a first-hand view of the impact of digital health’s evolution on primary care practices, patients and the system as a whole. As OntarioMD celebrates its 15th anniversary, we asked Mary Lou and Diane to share some of the memories and insights they’ve gained through working at OntarioMD.

Our participation in OntarioMD’s work and evolution began in 2009 with electronic medical record (EMR) funding. The EMR Adoption Program launched by the provincial government and administered by OntarioMD provided the support for Ontario’s physicians to establish themselves in the developing digital health space. For us and our fellow OntarioMD Practice Advisors, the adoption program represented an opportunity to use our practice knowledge to help clinicians through this transition.

There were untold hours of face-to-face interaction – change management sessions, workflow reviews and countless signed documentation and agreements. Most of the physicians and practice staff in our region met with us in hotels in groups, coming together to learn about the value EMRs held for their practices and patients, and to sign up for funding to get an EMR in their practice. Our roles were complemented by our colleagues in the field and at OntarioMD’s head office. Together, we assisted the province-wide transformation of practices from paper-based to EMR-driven. And our efforts were wildly successful; In 2009 45% of community-based physicians in Ontario had an EMR, and by 2016 that percentage increased to 85%.

Over the past 10 years, OntarioMD’s Practice Advisors have spent countless hours in clinicians’ offices and clinics, helping  them understand and connect to OntarioMD-developed products and those we deploy on behalf of our partners, and enabling clinicians’ growth in the effective use of digital health care. OntarioMD’s growing team of “boots on the ground” allowed us to provide the support needed to make the transition and adoption of these products and programs as seamless as possible for clinicians and their staff.

OntarioMD’s highly respected and valued Health Report Manager (HRM) was the catalyst for hospital reports integrated with EMRs and continues to play a leading role in digital health in Ontario. Our ongoing facilitation and support of services such as the Ontario Laboratories Information System (OLIS), ConnectingOntario ClinicalViewer and eConsult are just a few of the other game-changing initiatives we deployed in physician practices. And there are bigger and better things to come – eConsult EMR integration, the Insights4Care Program and more – as EMRs become integrated with other provincial digital health assets.

As health care workers throughout our careers, patient care has always been our focus. Working for OntarioMD allowed us to continue with that objective over the past 10 years. As we head into the next phase of our lives, we will continue to closely follow the evolving challenges and opportunities in health care and the ongoing important work of our OntarioMD colleagues.

OntarioMD Works with Dixon Hall to Give Back

OntarioMD employees at Dixon Hall

Contributed by Mavis Jones, OntarioMD Manager, Business Insight & Evaluation

Working in the health sector can be a source of pride. Everything we do at OntarioMD helps over 17,000 clinicians across the province effectively use the digital health tools in their practice, which in turn helps patients access responsive care and live healthier lives.

In any job, however, there are days when the connection between the work and its meaning can seem tenuous at best. A great antidote for those days? Volunteering for an organization that helps build a stronger community, like Dixon Hall’s Meals on Wheels program. Dixon Hall has been OntarioMD’s charity of choice for more than year, and as we heard from CEO Mercedes Watson at our December 2019 Town Hall, our contributions to the organization are making a tremendous difference – and not just with Meals on Wheels, but with the wide range of Dixon Hall programs and services that impact housing, children and youth, employment and other key factors that are so important to full and equitable participation in a community.

A team of OntarioMD employees set out from our office in Toronto one sunny Thursday afternoon this month to walk to Dixon Hall. We were warmly welcomed by staff, given some ground rules and then provided with insulated bags filled with hot meals to deliver to seniors across the downtown Regent Park community.

As those who work in the health space know, seniors are over-represented in complex chronic conditions, which for many means mobility issues, dietary challenges, and vision or hearing limitations that may prevent them from getting out to access healthy food (or even just preparing their own meals). Meals delivery services like Dixon Hall’s Meals on Wheels not only provides people with affordable, nutritious meals; for some, the volunteer delivering the food may be the only face they’ll see all day, so it’s an opportunity to connect, check in and make sure all is well.

Our driver went through our route list and gave us key advice and insights like “if they’re not home, leave it in the building’s office,” “this client appreciates the opportunity to chat,” and “don’t take the stairwell because you won’t have a fob to get out.” Like a school orienteering exercise, we paired up to navigate several highrise buildings until we had delivered the 30 or so meals that had been loaded into the van. Anthony delivered a meal to a gentleman who said very kind things in appreciation of the service, to which Anthony responded that we’re lucky to work for an employer who supports efforts to give back to the community.

This amazing experience was over for us almost too quickly, and we dropped off the bags and headed into the sunshine to walk back to work. But more of our colleagues at OntarioMD will have the opportunity to deliver meals for Dixon Hall Meals on Wheels throughout January and February, and we learned there may be more opportunities for us in future. Dixon Hall Donor Stewardship Officer Cassie McIndoo told us that the organization hosts weekly community dinners and breakfasts, where a classically trained chef provides healthy meals. Corporate sponsors like OntarioMD can encourage employees to volunteer with food preparation, service, and to just be there to share a friendly face and a chat with clients as they enjoy their meal.

As my colleague Anthony pointed out, OntarioMD staff are fortunate to work at a place that understands that employees are more than just our jobs and finds ways to help us connect with our community in such an important way. Thanks to Dixon Hall for the chance to volunteer – we look forward to the next opportunity to give back!

Leverage insights from your EMR data to enhance patient care

Contributed by Simon Ling, Program Director, Insights4Care

In 2019, we launched the Insights4Care (i4C) program to help clinicians tap into the valuable data in their EMRs for improved patient health outcomes. By pairing analytical tools and coaching support, the i4C program offers an important step forward for clinicians and the health system in data quality improvement, population health management and optimizing the value of EMRs and integrated digital health services.

Our journey to this point began several years ago. While OntarioMD has helped more than 18,000  Ontario clinicians adopt and use EMRs, we saw an untapped opportunity to bring patient data in the EMR to life using widely adopted health indicators. With funding support from the Ministry of Health, OntarioMD began a proof of concept in 2015 to demonstrate the technical feasibility and clinical value of an EMR dashboard that gives clinicians real time, at-a-glance visual displays of their patient population’s health data. We partnered with organizations such as Health Quality Ontario, the Association of Family Health Teams of Ontario and the Canadian Institute for Health Information to identify 30 indicators to include in the proof of concept, and worked with EMR vendors TELUS Health and OSCAR EMR to implement the i4C Dashboard and indicators.

Fast forward to March 2019. After three years of trial use and evaluation by 500 clinicians across Ontario, our proof of concept successfully concluded with some exciting results:  

  1. The i4C Dashboard enabled quality improvement – 87% of indicators showed improvements after only 90 days of clinician use;
  2. While physicians were the primary users of the Dashboard, feedback showed that other clinicians and staff took advantage of the Dashboard’s potential to drive quality improvement and more responsive patient care within the practice; and
  3. Participants who took advantage of the opportunity to combine Dashboard use with OntarioMD-led change management support experienced greater data improvements than those who did not receive support.

The proof of concept confirmed the technical feasibility and clinical value of OntarioMD’s i4C Dashboard in primary care, and clearly demonstrated the impact hands-on support from OntarioMD staff can have on adoption and use of the technology, and quality improvement in the practice.

As we start 2020, we’re excited by the impact the i4C Dashboard and i4C Advisory Service can have on the health care system. We’re focused on expanding the program across Ontario by giving more clinicians access to the Dashboard, advice and support. We’re engaging with more vendors with certified EMRs to incorporate the i4C Dashboard, and increasing the number of health indicators available in the Dashboard.  

2020 promises to be another important year of health system transformation in Ontario, as Ontario Health Teams (OHTs) continue to take shape and digital health and data play a growing role in a model that places the patient at the centre of their care and integrates patient information at the point of care. OntarioMD’s i4C program is uniquely positioned to support this change by helping to make EMRs and digital health tools more user-friendly, improving the quality of patient data, translating health system priorities into actionable i4C Dashboard indicators, and giving OHTs and other practitioners the means to track and report on their performance improvements.

We’d love to talk to you more about how the i4C program will benefit your patients, and how you can bring the i4C Dashboard and i4C Advisory Service into your practice. Connect with us at or 1-866-744-8668.

Physician-Recommended Medical Apps

Contributed by Dr. Chandi Chandrasena

In last week’s blog, I shared some important reasons why clinicians should consider adding medical apps to their patient care toolbox, and some key questions to ask before deciding which ones are right for you. If you’re still reading, I can only assume I’ve caught your interest and you are ready to venture into the wonderful world of apps.  

Or, perhaps you looked at the list of questions I provided and are feeling overwhelmed, concluding that it is better to download the apps I recommend with the hope that I have already done the work. If so, this post is for you.

My app recommendations presented here are a mixed bag. I was asked to limit the apps to the ones I felt were most relevant. But this proved to be a difficult task – there are so many wonderful apps. For this post, I’ve looked mainly at point-of-care and guideline apps. Should this blog become wildly successful, I may be welcomed back and can recommend more apps geared to different specialties.

The apps I have presented below are not listed in any particular order. To download, go to the Google Play Store or Apple’s App Store.

UpToDate by Wolters Kluwer

This app needs no introduction, as most physicians have heard of or used UpToDate at some point in their career. But not all have used the app version. It’s a great point-of-care app, which requires a subscription to use. It uses Lexicomp as the drug database. 

A subscription is about $519 US per year, and discounts are available for CMA, OMA, and CCFP members, as well as for residents and medical students.

Dynamed by EBSCO

This point-of-care app was founded by a family physician and is now owned by EBSCO. It uses Micromedex as its drug database. Similar to UpToDate, use of the app requires a paid subscription, which is about $395; if you have a CMA membership, it is free.

RxTx mobile

This app is developed by the Canadian Pharmacists Association and is literally the old blue CPS we used to have in our offices in days of yore. I remember it fondly, with its paper-thin pages and miniscule font. I am unsure why we ever left that format, as it was a great doorstop for the ever-closing exam door.

The new and improved RxTx includes the same information as the old book, plus regular updates, Health Canada advisories and a limited medical calculator. It unfortunately cannot do multidrug interactions and doesn’t provide LU codes. It also will not hold the exam door open.  Cost varies on the functionality. The basic drug database is $239, and this increases if you wish to have guidelines and such added.  It is free with the cost of CMA membership.


By now, you may be sensing a pattern involving the CMA. I can categorically state that I do not have any affiliation with the CMA, other than buying a membership so I can have access to these apps and other clinical content.

The Joule app is easy to use, has a searchable database for InfoPoems, InfoPratique and CMAJ. It offers access to Dynamed, RxTx and Clinical Key.

Clinical Key gives access to 1,000+ texts, 600 journals, handouts, practice guidelines, podcasts and videos.  Journals include AFP, Lancet, BMJ, NEJM and many others. It also provides access to a librarian who will answer your research questions. All this for the $195 cost of a CMA membership.

Thrombosis Canada (Free)

This guideline app provides clinical guidelines and algorithms for the use of antiplatelet agents and oral anticoagulants. It is easy to use and allows you to enter anonymous patient data and achieve individualized recommendations. It was developed by Thrombosis Canada and was last updated in November 2019. The app is bilingual.

INESSS Guides (Free)

This guideline app was developed by the Institut national d’excellence en santé et en services sociaux (INESS) and supported by the Quebec government. Their website, available in French and English, outlines their methodology and answers all pertinent questions.

This free app was originally developed in French and is now available in English as well. It is a great app that gives you antibiotic prescribing information and guidelines for various chronic diseases including dementia, type 2 diabetes, STI, indications for testing and more.

CDN STI Guidelines (Free)

This very useful guideline and treatment app was developed by the Public Health Agency of Canada. It examines the Canadian Guidelines for Sexually Transmitted infections and provides treatment recommendations and advice on diagnosis. I particularly like this one, as antibiotic resistance is constantly changing and it offers up-to-date options.

Anti-Infective Guidelines (MUMS)

This is an app version of the infamous “Orange Book” anti-infective guidelines that was first released 20 years ago. This was a game-changer app for me, as I used to carry that orange book with me everywhere. I would write across the front page with a black Sharpie daring anyone to take it from me. I would glare at anyone who would even look at it. Now that it is on my iPhone, I am quite happy to lend my tattered paper copy! The app is also updated – there was a free update released about a month ago. This wonderful book/app is developed by MUMS Health/PAACT CME. This app is $24.99.

Visual Anatomy Lite (Free)

I would be remiss if I didn’t recommend an anatomy app of some sort, and decided on this free, simple option.

This basic anatomy app allows physicians to refresh their memory about the human anatomy.  It is also a good app to use for educating patients. There are a large number of paid apps that are more comprehensive and potentially much better, but this is a good starting point.

GRC-RCMP Drugs Awareness (Free)

This simple app was developed by the RCMP to educate about drugs and illegal activities. It was recently updated to remove cannabis from the illegal list.

Where else can you learn the many names used to refer to certain drugs? The app discusses the drug, its effects, visible signs and symptoms of usage, myths and truths, information for parents, legal status and more. It also provides numbers to call for help and outlines ways to prevent drug abuse. It is a necessary app for the medical toolbox, but also a good one to recommend to patients.

Aspirin Guide (Free)

This has made it to my list of recommended apps, as the big question in my clinic lately seems to be, “Do I stop ASA, or do I start?” I was not able to find a great algorithm online to help me with my clinical decision until now.

Developed by researchers at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital (Harvard Medical School), this app helps clinicians decide who is a candidate for low dose ASA in primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). It walks you through a screen-by-screen algorithm that allows you input anonymous patient specific data, and it gives you a clinical summary with NNT and NNH for ASA. Brilliant!

TELUS EMR App (Free to TELUS EMR users)

I’m biased in that I use PS TELUS EMR, but I do recommend this app to fellow users. This is a rather easy-to-use app that adheres to all privacy regulations. It allows you to manage your schedule and your patients, giving you access to their charts anytime of the day. Who wouldn’t want to work 24 hours a day!

The real advantage of this app is the camera. I often use it in the office, as it allows me to take pictures of rashes or medical anomalies and download them directly into the EMR. It does not store the photos on your phone. 

Another unique feature is the ability to dictate directly into the EMR using the microphone function. At times it is faster to dictate into my app while I am sitting at my desk than type in my notes. 

What are your favourite apps? Do you recommend any that you think are truly amazing? I welcome any comments and hope that you find these apps useful. Perhaps I will see you at one of my talks someday!

Digital Health Week: OntarioMD’s Cynthia MacWilliam on Supporting OHTs

The landscape around digital health is shifting rapidly, with patients increasingly aware of the potential and seeking access to their data, and emerging Ontario Health Teams (OHTs) focused on integrating care through technology. In our final video for Digital Health Week, OntarioMD Executive Director, Client Services & Engagement Cynthia MacWilliam talks about how OntarioMD is working to support primary care providers realize the potential for their practice and patients.

Medical Apps for Physicians

Contributed by Dr. Chandi Chandrasena

According to a 2014 Canada Health Infoway study, 67% of Canadian family physicians own a smartphone. Of those who own a phone, 82% said they use  it to look up drug references and 50% use it for clinical decision support.  

The number of smartphone owners has continued to grow over the past five years and, with it, the number of physicians who consult their phone for clinical information.

There are many reasons why physicians with smartphones use – and should use – medical apps. Apps can improve practice efficiency by saving time, speeding up diagnoses and limiting unnecessary visits. Some offer easier access to electronic health records or to colleagues for medical advice and insight. Many apps give clinicians quick access to accurate information.

I personally want to use my “over 40” memory for other things, and offload what I can. I’ve been giving talks and workshops focused on medical apps for almost two years. When I initially reviewed the literature, I found a handful of articles with sporadic mention of apps, and the options for download were limited. Today, the number of medical apps has exploded and the ease of finding and downloading these to your phone has grown.

Before considering an app for your own use, you should review it like anything else. As physicians, we are taught to use clinical judgment and evaluate anything before incorporating it into practice. If we are looking at a journal article or study, we have a standard way to assess the results and conclude if the information is accurate and useful. Medical apps should be assessed in a similar fashion.

Always ask yourself the following questions before adding a particular app to your toolbox of patient care.

  • Who produced it?: Who developed the app? Is it a private company or a drug company? A university or association? What do they have to gain from you using it?
  • Is it regularly updated?: This info can be found at the download point of the app. If you are using it to make clinic decisions then it is important to know that it is using the latest medical knowledge; apps that are regularly updated are more likely to incorporate new info.
  • Is it properly referenced?: If the app uses an algorithm, does it tell you what the clinical judgment is based on? Does the app actually do what it is supposed to do? How is the developer getting their conclusions?
  • Is it possible to give feedback?: Can you contact the developer to provide input regarding the app’s accuracy and its use?
  • Is it peer reviewed?: Is it widely used, and does it come recommended?
  • Is the app’s primary purpose to inform health professions or patients?
  • Any issues with privacy?: Does the app collect data? What is the data used for? Does it adhere to local privacy regulation?

You can find answers to most of these questions in the App Store or in Google Play prior to downloading the app. A quick online will also yield useful info and reviews.  

In the second part of this post, I’ll share with you my recommendations for what I consider the most relevant point-of-care and guideline apps.

Dr. Chandi Chandrasena is a family doctor practicing cradle to grave medicine in Ottawa. She is co-owner of a seven-doctor FHO and is currently the IT Lead. She is an OntarioMD Peer Leader and has no conflicts to declare.

Dr. Chandrasena has an iPhone 11 but not the Pro (as she couldn’t afford the extra $800 for another lens) and she uses TELUS PS EMR. She does not receive any financial compensation from any of the apps mentioned here (much to her chagrin). She gives talks on Medical Apps for Physicians at various conferences and also talks about Medical Apps for Patients.